发信人: Sp2018 (任盈盈), 信区: Prose
标 题: Corinth 哥林多
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Sat Jun 22 20:00:06 2019, 美东)
Corinth derives its name from Ancient Corinth, a city-state of antiquity.
The site was occupied from before 3000 BC. But historical sources about the
city concerns the early 8th century BC, when Corinth began to develop as a
commercial center. Between the 8th and 7th centuries, the Bacchiad family
ruled Corinth. Cypselus overthrew the Bacchiad family, and between 657 and
550 BC, he and his son Periander ruled Corinth as the Tyrants.
In about 550 BC, an oligarchical government seized power. This government
allied with Sparta within the Peloponnesian League, and Corinth participated
in the Persian Wars and Peloponnesian War as an ally of Sparta. After
Sparta's victory in the Peloponnesian war, the two allies fell out with one
another, and Corinth pursued an independent policy in the various wars of
the early 4th century BC. After the Macedonian conquest of Greece, the
Acrocorinth was the seat of a Macedonian garrison until 243 BC, when the
city was liberated and joined the Achaean League. Nearly a century later, in
146 BC, Corinth was captured and destroyed by Roman armies.
As a Roman colony in 44 BC, Corinth flourished and became the administrative
capital of the Roman province of Achaea.
In 1858, the old city, now known as Ancient Corinth (Αρχαία Κ
972;ρινθος, Archaia Korinthos), located 3 kilometres (1.9 miles)
south-west of the modern city, was totally destroyed by a magnitude 6.5
earthquake. New Corinth (Nea Korinthos) was then built to the north-east of
it, on the coast of the Gulf of Corinth. In 1928 a magnitude 6.3 earthquake
devastated the new city, which was then rebuilt on the same site. In 1933
there was a great fire, and the new city was rebuilt again.
Some men are fathers, others are dicks.
January 12, 2019
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